A narrow strip squeezed between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, Chile stretches from Peru in the north to the Drake Passage — which separates South America from Antarctica — in the south. The country's 1973 coup, when democratically elected socialist leader Salvador Allende was overthrown by the U.S.-backed Augusto Pinochet, was one of the defining moments of the Cold War. But today, the country is also Latin America’s wealthiest and is among the region’s most economically stable nations.

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