Are they cutting lives along with budgets? Austerity measures began in 2015 under ousted Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff, and deepened dramatically under interim President Michel Temer. Now it’s feared they’re constricting vital medical supplies, including those intended for Brazilians at risk for HIV and those already HIV-positive. In Brazil, new HIV cases rose 2 percent between 2010 and 2016, compared with a 16 percent drop worldwide. Now the nation of more than 200 million is trying to catch up, pushing condom education and devoting available resources to virus hot spots.