L’etat est-il. In both executive and parliamentary elections, President Emmanuel Macron showed he was representing a large French centrist constituency. Key to his platform was reforming the way the republic’s business is done, especially regarding strict labor laws, which some blame for the country’s chronic 9 percent unemployment. But after he actually proposed doing so, his approval rating dropped to 40 percent, and some 60,000 protested against his reforms last week. But Macron’s still got a strong parliamentary majority and the backing of two of the three major labor unions, so few are ready to count him out.