It’s a human rights crisis. A new investigation has found that the Syrian government’s state policy when it comes to detainees includes torture, execution and death from neglect. Since anti-government protests began in 2011, thousands have reportedly been killed, both in government custody and in the hands of rebel forces. Hundreds of interviews even yielded reports of children being detained and executed by ISIS. The report calls for “targeted sanctions” against the perpetrators — which could reinforce the determination of Western coalition forces not to ally with the Syrian government in the fight against ISIS.