With reports suggesting that Al Qaeda controls more territory in the Middle East than ever before, the Iraqi government is struggling to contain violence in Anbar province. It has lost control of the key cities of Ramadi and Fallujah and local Sunnis are rejecting the Shi’a-dominated central government. Threats of military action in Fallujah and suppression of anti-government protests have inflamed anger and increased support for Sunni militants. Iraq is already under huge strain due to the conflict in neighboring Syria. Worryingly, it may be nearing a civil war of its own.