Welcome to Life Beyond Kim - OZY | A Modern Media Company


Because the regime is more than one man.

By Daniel Malloy and Sean Culligan

This story was updated in May 2020.

For weeks, the rumors have been flying about the whereabouts of North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un — who abruptly disappeared from public view. Is he dead? In poor health? Sipping mai tais on a beach? On Saturday, North Korea’s state news agency put out photos of Kim at a ceremony in a new fertilizer factory, but the appearance has not been independently confirmed.

Given that the 36-year-old, basketball-loving supreme leader is pretty much all most people know about North Korea, and ahead of his first landmark summit with President Donald Trump, OZY set out in 2018 to give our readers a glimpse of Life Beyond Kim. The portraits of the fascinating figures around him — including his younger sister and much-speculated potential successor, Kim Yo Jong — are more urgent than ever, as North Korea searches out an uncertain path forward. If nothing else, it will give you a bit more context for the images beamed out from the poverty-stricken totalitarian state in the coming days, weeks and months.

Read on for more.

#1: How the Soviet Union Started It All

For some context, we’ll take a trip to the earth-shaking year of 1945, when a 33-year-old Kim Il Sung gave a halting speech written by his Soviet handlers in Pyongyang. The anti-Japanese guerrilla, who had just moved back from Russia, was an unlikely candidate to launch a dynasty. But the man who would become Eternal President of the Republic had the backing of the superpower next door.


#2: Hyon Song Wol: The Pop Star Propagandist

This starlet is a Party girl, not a party girl. At least that’s the current image of one of North Korea’s brightest stars. A leader of North Korea’s version of the Spice Girls, Hyon was at one point rumored to have been executed amid a sex scandal. But Kim’s former girlfriend (they first met as teenagers) returned to the public eye dressed for business — and now carries a powerful cultural position helping shape the popular image of the regime.


#3: Ri Pyong Chol: The Rocket Man’s Rocket Man

He may or may not be the grandfather or great uncle of Kim Jong Un’s wife. But what we do know about Ri is that he holds the keys to Kim’s favorite toys: North Korea’s nuclear weapons. A longtime Air Force leader, Ri has controlled the regime’s drones and fighter jets, and now, though there have been myriad missteps, the Ri-guided nuclear program is fearsome enough to be a massive bargaining chip with Trump.


#4: Ri Su Yong: The Most Trusted Adviser

No shadowy regime would be complete without a trusted cadre of advisers, and Ri is perhaps the most trusted of them all for Kim Jong Un. He was a father figure to the leader-to-be in Switzerland, when Kim was in school and Ri was ambassador to the U.N. mission in Geneva. After serving as a combative foreign minister, Ri now is a James Baker–like Pyongyang mover who has the leader’s ear.


#5: Kim Yo Jong: The Sister-in-Chief

She dazzled the world as the North’s version of Ivanka Trump at the Winter Olympics in South Korea, and she’s at the center of delicate talks between two nations that have been at war, technically, for nearly 70 years. The leader’s younger sister blossomed from an odd child to a diplomatic force, and now at age 30(ish) has come into her own, claiming a similar role to her aunt under Kim Jong Il — though it remains to be seen whether Kim Yo Jong boasts enough of a ruthless streak to thrive amid the Hermit Kingdom’s power plays.


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